Over 200 different species of succulents collectively known as the agave plant are native to the New World’s deserts and semi-desert regions, including South and Central America, Mexico, the Southwest of the United States, and even the Caribbean.
The people who live in these regions greatly benefit from and value these huge, hardy agave plants, which resemble cactus.
Many different products, including the following, are made from agaves:
- Mezcal (tequila)
- Beverage similar to beer
These beautiful plants make excellent houseplants in addition to being a valued harvest.
Also, they look great with beautiful cactus, yucca, and aloe plants in xeriscaping, desert landscaping, and designs with elements from Mexico and the Southwest.
We shall discuss some of the most well-known agave species in this article and the different agave plant varieties. Learn more by reading on.
Many Varieties of Agave Plant Types
You have many fantastic options when looking for the ideal agave plant variety for your environment.
Out of the more than 200 species of agave, a few dozen are grown for use in agriculture, industry, landscaping, and residences.
Some agave plants are enormous giants that will tower over your home when they bloom, while others are miniature specimens that fit in a container and have sharp terminal ends.
Upon blooming, do all agave plants perish?
Yes, Agaves gradually die after blossoming. The majority, nevertheless, release fresh suckers or pups. An Agave’s flowering process could take decades.
What Height Can Agave Plants Reach?
Depending on the kind, agaves come in different sizes. Some agave species only reach a height of 18 inches and a spread of 18 to 24 inches. Other agave species, like the century plant, grow to a height of 6 to 8 feet and a spread of 10 feet.
On the larger types, flower spikes can reach heights of up to 60 feet.
Popular Agave Plant Types and Varieties
American agave (Century Plant)
In Mexico, agave americana is also known as maguey or the American Century Plant.
Stunning blue-green leaves with sharp, saw-toothed spines are present on this plant.
The typical variation has a uniform bluish hue. There are numerous forms with different colors, such the Agave Americana Marginata.
Both produce rather huge, attractive specimen plants when placed in a public space.
Agave americana mediopicta, on the other hand, is a different variegated variation with a centre yellow stripe and green leaf borders.
Agave Reginae-Victoria (Royal Agave)
Agave victoriae-reginae or Victoria’s Agave The agave plant is a smaller species with upright, inwardly curving leaves that end in black tips and look like a dome.
Due to its small height range of between a foot and eighteen inches, this is a wonderful choice for a container or potted plant as well as a border plant.
The plant blooms on a fifteen-foot stalk of lovely, cream-colored or reddish-purple flowers as its farewell display after living for twenty to thirty years.
Blue Agave Glow
Agave Blue Glow is a little, slowly expanding hybrid agave plant. A thick rosette of blue-green leaves known as Blue Glow grows to a height of one to two feet and a spread of two to three feet.
Kelly Griffin, a horticulture, created Blue Glow, a hybrid of Agave attenuata and Agave ocahui, at Rancho Soledad Nurseries in Rancho Santa Fe, California.
Filifera Agave (Thread Leaf Agave)
Another name for Agave Filifera is the Thread Agave. With dark green foliage that may have a subtle bronze cast, the plant is incredibly beautiful.
White filaments that like festive threads line the edges of the leaves. About three feet broad and two feet tall are the maximum dimensions of this medium-sized plant.
Attenuated Agave (Foxtail Agave)
Agave attenuata is also known as Foxtail or Dragon Tree.
Agave attenuata has a curving inflorescence with greenish-yellow flowers on the spike, giving it the common name “Fox Tail Agave,” and it can reach heights of four to five feet.
It is a spin-free type with supple, lovely, malleable, and risk-free green leaves. Young and little, it makes a beautiful, low-maintenance houseplant.
Attenuata does not pose the same risks as its more aggressive cousins when used as a container plant or in the landscape.
This is a fantastic option for a plant by the pool or in a tiny yard where it can be challenging to avoid the plant.
Agave parviflora is also known as the Santa Cruze striped agave, the Small Flower Agave, and the Small Flower Century Plant. This adorable little plant only grows to a height of eight inches.
Both Agave parviflora and Agave filifera have beautiful “hair” filaments that curl around their beautiful, tight leaves. This plant’s 3–7-foot-tall bloom stem bears gorgeous yellow or cream flowers that are particularly alluring to bees and other pollinators. Pin
Agua Tequilana (Blue Agave Plant)
Weber’s Blue Agave, Tequila Agave, and simply the Blue Agave plant are other names for Tequilana azul. the source of agave nectar. In order to make tequila, this plant is used. For gardeners on high elevations, it makes a good landscaping plant.
Rich, drained, sandy soil is preferred by these plants. The plants can live for several decades and get fairly big. Make sure you’re willing to devote if you take one on.
Agave Parryi (Artichoke Agave)
Sharp black spears protrude from the extremities of the broad, bluish-gray-green leaves of Agave Parryi (Artichoke Agave), a stunningly attractive plant. develop on rocky, barren slopes.
Desmettiana Agave (Smooth Agave)
A soft, smooth, “people-friendly” agave is called Agave Desmettiana (Smooth Agave). Clusters of pups are produced from basal offshoots.
Desert gardens benefit from strong accent or focal plants. Wonderful for use in and around patios. Plant as solitary specimens or in clusters 5 to 6 feet apart.
The variegated variety of Agave desmetiana, Agave desmetiana variegata, is a beautiful potted specimen. Pin
Agave Geminiflora (Twin Flower Agave)
Pincushion agave is another name for Agave Geminiflora (Twin Flower Agave). Numerous leaves come together to form a whorl that is dense, symmetrical, rounded, and compact.
Vilmoriniana Agave (Octopus Agave)
The Octopus Agave, also known as Agave Vilmoriniana, is a peculiar-looking succulent agave with rosettes measuring 3 to 4 feet tall and 5 to 6 feet broad.
One of the “friendlier” Agaves, having soft terminal spines and delicate, rounded serrations along the leaf margins. Pin
Avocado Potatorum (Butterfly Agave)
The “butterfly agave,” sometimes known as Agave Potatorum, is more well-known.
The leaves have a butterfly-wing appearance. It is a medium-sized agave that grows slowly and looks lovely in pots.
It is relatively simple to manage a plant’s size when it is cultivated in a container.
Agustifolia Agave, pin (Caribbean Agave)
Agave Angustifolia, often called the Caribbean Agave, is a rosette-forming narrow-leaved variegated Century Plant that reaches heights and widths of about 4 feet.
Agave leaves are a soft green colour with creamy-white borders. The leaf tips are extremely deadly, sharp spines.
Sometimes a flower stem can generate miniature plantlets or bulbils that can be planted again. Pollinators are drawn to fragrances.
Agave ovatiflora pin (Whale Tongue Agave)
Beautiful agave species from northeastern Mexico include Agave ovatifolia. Ovatifolia is simple to grow and cold-tolerant.
Ideal as a focal point plant in rock gardens, succulent gardens, Mediterranean gardens, and southwest-inspired landscapes.
Agave Microcantha (Black-Spined Agave)
The Agave Macroacantha, also referred to as the Large-Thorned or Black-Spined Agave, has medium-sized leaf rosettes with narrow blue-gray leaves that culminate in pointed, 1″-long black terminal spines.
With offsets, plants create a colony. The majority of flowers are tiny, purplish-green in hue, and odourless. prefers the full sun.
However, Agave Lophantha ‘Quadricolor’ is a variegated plant with yellow stripes and a pale green midstripe down the dark green leaves with reddish edges lining the teeth. Agave Lophantha is a green plant.
Agave Bracteosa (Squid Agave)
Agave bracteosa, also known as the Squid Agave and the Candelabrum Agave, is a type of slow-growing, drought-tolerant agave. Makes a stunning potted specimen, is a conversation opener, and fits in perfectly in the rock garden.
Agave Montana (Mountain Agave)
Since Agave Montana grows in the high mountains at a height of around 9,000 feet above sea level, it is also referred to as the mountain agave.
This type of agave species typically develops as an understory plant in its natural habitat.
The agave salmiana is a large-growing plant with a spread of up to 12 feet and a height of up to 6 feet.
Large, deep-green leaves with distinct, serrated margins grow on mature plants.
Agave (Hedgehog Agave)
Native to Puebla and Oaxaca in Southern Mexico, agave stricta is a perennial succulent evergreen plant. It has slender, dark green rosettes with spine-tipped leaves.
The agave Shawii (Coastal Agave)
The most western agave species, Agave shawii, is only found in Baja Mexico and on southern California’s coast. In its natural habitat, shawii are in grave danger of extinction. In its natural habitat, shawii are in grave danger of extinction.
Agate Colorata (Ash Agave)
Sonora, Mexico’s coastal regions are home to the agave colorata. It does best in hot environments with lots of sun and little water.
Agave Titanota (Rancho Tambor Agave)
Agave Titanota, also known as the Rancho Tambor Agave, is a slow-growing, compact, solitary rosette that grows to a maximum height of 1 to 2 feet and a width of 2 to 3 feet.
Light-colored green leaves that are between one and two feet long and roughly five inches broad. It’s remarkable to note how flat the terminal thorns are.